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Illinois State University has recently completed a comprehensive Facilities Condition Assessment of all major campus facilities.  The primary objective of this assessment was to identify the maintenance and capital renewal expenditures necessary to improve the condition of campus facilities and infrastructure in order to develop budgetary options for capital planning.  The tables below represent an overview of replacement costs, maintenance backlogs, and facility condition indices within the general revenue facilities, bond revenue facilities, and infrastructure sub-categories.


Replacement Costs

Maintenance Backlog


General Revenue




Bond Revenue







Infrastructure Systems

Replacement Costs

Maintenance Backlog


Chilled Water Supply & Return




Compressed Air




Condensate Pumped Discharge




Domestic Water




Electrical Distribution




High Pressure Steam Supply & Return




Low Pressure Steam




Sanitary Sewer







Replacement cost represents the Current Replacement Value (CRV) of a facility and is the hypothetical expense of rebuilding the existing facility in a manner representing the original construction using current construction costs, materials, and methods.  The CRV is not the facility’s appraised value nor does it represent the cost to replicate the original building with today’s amenities not normal to the time of original construction.

The maintenance backlog is an estimate of costs necessary to repair building systems that have surpassed their expected useful life using current construction standards and meeting today’s applicable building codes.  Some examples of building systems include mechanical, electrical, plumbing, lighting, roofing, flooring, and interior finishes.

The Facilities Condition Index (FCI) is an indication of the deficiency value rating of a building.  It is calculated by dividing the estimated cost of current deficiencies by the replacement value of the facility and is typically expressed as a percentage.  National standards suggest that buildings with an FCI greater than 10% are in poor condition.

An aggregate FCI of 44.68% evidences the overall condition of campus facilities was found to be in fair to poor condition.  General revenue facilities on the campus of Illinois State University had FCIs ranging from .05% to 72.38%, whereas bond revenue facilities had FCIs ranging from 0% to 84.92%.

The overall campus infrastructure was found to be in good to fair condition.  Individual infrastructure systems had FCIs ranging from 0% to 34.91% with an aggregate average of 15.61%.

Several conclusions can be made from the data provided.  The total maintenance backlog for Illinois State University is $490,577,434, or approximately $95.50 per square foot.  It is not necessary to completely eliminate the entire current backlog nor does a high FCI indicate that an individual building needs to be replaced.  The data provides information required to prioritize needed repairs and improve the condition of buildings.  A plan for making repairs must be implemented and funding sources for such repairs must be identified.  If building systems continue to surpass their expected useful life, the backlog will increase and the condition of buildings will worsen.

The decision to invest resources to address maintenance and future renewal of systems must be analyzed in the context of overall facility needs of Illinois State University .  It is imperative that the investment in renovations of each facility be considered over a period of time to determine its impact on the Academic Mission, Master Plan, and for potential benefit of the repair.  The amount of current maintenance backlog and anticipated cost of future renewal over the next several years is enormous.  The funding needed to reduce the overall FCI must be considered in a feasible manner based on available resources.